Updated at: 31-07-2023 - By: John Lau

Are you a liquor connoisseur intrigued by the world of brandies and eager to explore beyond Cognac?

Armagnac, the oldest brandy in the world hailing from Southwest France, is ready to tickle your taste buds.

Our comprehensive guide will unravel its rich history, unique production process, and how it stands apart from other spirits such as cognac.

Ready for an intoxicating journey into the heart of French alcohol tradition?.

What is Armagnac?

What Is Armagnac (1)

Armagnac is a type of brandy that holds the prestigious title as the oldest in the world, dating back to the 13th century.

This full-bodied, robust brown liquor has its roots firmly planted in Southwest France’s Gascony region.

A distinct feature of this high-end alcohol is that it originates from distilled wine and carries with it an enduring history replete with tradition and craftsmanship.

The key to Armagnac’s irresistible flavor profile lies within its rustic production process and extended aging period; each batch must be stored in wooden casks for at least two years—though often more—to reach its peak.

As an appellation-protected spirit, all aspects of Armagnac’s production are tightly controlled, ensuring absolute authenticity and consistency across every single distilled drop.

How is Armagnac Produced?

What Is Armagnac (2)

Armagnac is produced through a unique process that involves the following steps:

  • The production of Armagnac starts with the harvesting of grapes in the Armagnac region of Gascony, France.
  • The harvested grapes are then fermented to produce a base wine, which is low in alcohol and high in acidity.
  • Distillation is the next step, where the wine is heated in traditional copper stills. Unlike Cognac, which is double distilled, Armagnac undergoes a single distillation process.
  • This single distillation gives Armagnac its distinct flavor profile, characterized by rich and robust notes.
  • The distilled spirit is then aged in oak casks, typically made from local black oak or pedunculate oak. The aging process plays a crucial role in developing the complex flavors and aromas of Armagnac.
  • The length of time spent aging can vary, ranging from 2 years for young Armagnacs to more than 10 years for older vintages.
  • During the aging process, the spirit interacts with the wood, extracting tannins and other elements that contribute to its flavor profile.
  • Over time, evaporation occurs, leading to a concentration of flavors and an increase in complexity.
  • Once deemed ready by the producers, Armagnac is bottled and labeled according to its age category.

The History of Armagnac

What Is Armagnac (3)

Armagnac has a rich and fascinating history that stretches back to the 13th century. This ancient brandy is believed to be the oldest in the world, with evidence of its production dating all the way back to 1310.

It originated in Gascony, a region located in Southwest France.

During this time, Armagnac was primarily used for medicinal purposes due to its perceived health benefits. In fact, Prior Vital du Four, a cardinal from the 14th century, famously described Armagnac as having “40 virtues.” Its popularity grew steadily over the centuries and it eventually became known as a luxurious and prestigious drink.

Like Cognac, Armagnac is distilled from wine. However, there are some key differences between these two spirits. While Cognac is double distilled using copper pot stills, Armagnac is typically only single distilled.

This gives Armagnac a distinct character that is often described as more robust and full-bodied compared to Cognac.

Throughout its long history, Armagnac has remained true to its roots with rustic production methods that have been handed down through generations of distillers.

The spirit is aged in oak casks for a minimum of two years but can be aged significantly longer depending on the desired flavor profile.

Oakwood plays an integral role in shaping the taste of Armagnac by imparting unique flavors and aromas into each batch.

Today, this appellation-protected spirit continues to capture hearts worldwide with its full-flavored complexity and unique terroir-driven characteristics. Whether enjoyed neat or used as an ingredient in cocktails, Armagnac offers drinkers an opportunity to experience history in a glass.

The Difference Between Armagnac and Cognac


While both Armagnac and Cognac are renowned French brandies, they each boast distinct characteristics making them unique.

Here’s a comparative breakdown of the two:

Criteria Armagnac Cognac
History Armagnac is the oldest brandy in the world with a history dating back to the 13th century. Cognac, while old, doesn’t have a history as long as Armagnac.
Region Armagnac can only be produced in the Southwest region of France, specifically in Gascony. Cognac is made in the Cognac region of France, located in the western part of the country.
Production Armagnac is distilled from wine and stored in oak casks for a minimum of 2, 6, 10, or more years. Cognac is also made from grapes and aged in oak barrels. However, Cognac undergoes double distillation.
Characteristics Armagnac is a small-batch brandy known for its distinct flavor profile and robust character. Cognac is often considered smoother and more refined in comparison to Armagnac.


In conclusion, Armagnac is a rich and full-bodied French brandy with centuries of history.

Distilled from wine in the Gascony region of France, it offers a unique and rustic production process that sets it apart from other spirits.

With its aged flavors and appellation-protected status, Armagnac stands as one of the finest examples of French spirits production.

So if you’re looking to expand your palate beyond Cognac, give Armagnac a try for an authentic taste of tradition.