Updated at: 18-07-2023 - By: John Lau

Ever found yourself sipping on a cool gin and tonic, but not quite sure what makes gin different from other spirits?

This blog post will unfold the intriguing journey of how this vibrant drink comes to life from grains to glass, providing answers to your burning questions about ‘What is Gin’.

Ready? Let’s dive into the intoxicating world of gin!

What Is Gin?

What Is Gin (1)

Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that gets its distinct flavor from juniper berries and other botanical ingredients.

Definition of gin

Gin, an alcoholic beverage treasured worldwide, bears a sophisticated essence derived from various botanical ingredients. Its primary flavor comes from juniper berries – despite their misleading name, they are not actually berries!

This popular distilled spirit first made its appearance in Holland around 1689 and had medicinal roots.

The distillation process purifies spirits sourced from a grain mash which typically includes corn, rye, barley or wheat; this sets it apart from vodka that is fermented before distilling.

Adding intrigue to gin’s story, the iconic gin and tonic cocktail owes its origin to British soldiers stationed in India.

Bold yet versatile enough for cocktails – about 70% of it used so – gin owns the crown in the world of alcoholic drinks with the Philippines leading as its largest market.

Distillation process of gin

Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that gets its unique flavor from the distillation process. During distillation, the alcohol is heated and transformed into vapor, then condensed back into liquid form.

This process helps to purify and concentrate the flavors of the botanical ingredients used in gin production.

The key component in making gin is juniper berries. These berries are carefully selected and added to a base spirit made from fermented cereal grains like corn, rye, barley, or wheat.

Along with juniper berries, other botanicals such as coriander, angelica root, and citrus peels are also added to give each type of gin its distinct taste.

Once all the ingredients are combined, they go through a multi-step distillation process which can include steeping the botanicals in neutral spirits before distilling them together or infusing them with vapor during the distillation process itself.

The result is a flavorful alcoholic beverage that has been enjoyed by people across Europe for centuries.

Ingredients of gin

Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that gets its unique flavor from a variety of ingredients, especially juniper berries and other botanicals. These botanicals can include corianderangelica rootcitrus peels, and many others.

The process of making gin involves infusing these ingredients into a base spirit, which is often made from cereal grains like corn, rye, barley, or wheat.

Unlike vodka which goes through multiple distillations to achieve purity and neutrality in taste, the focus with gin is on capturing the flavors and aromatics from the botanicals during distillation.

This results in a spirit that has a distinct taste profile with notes of piney juniper and various herbal or floral undertones depending on the specific combination of botanicals used.

Gin’s complex flavor profile makes it an essential ingredient for classic cocktails like martinis and gin and tonics but also lends itself well to modern mixology experimentation.

Differences between gin and vodka

Gin and vodka are both popular spirits, but they have significant differences in terms of ingredients, distillation process, and flavor profiles.

Here’s a comparison between the two.

Aspect Gin Vodka
Ingredients Gin is distilled with botanicals, predominantly juniper berries. The use of other botanicals like coriander, angelica root, and citrus peels gives it its distinct taste. Vodka is typically distilled from fermented grains or potatoes, resulting in a neutral spirit.
Distillation Process Gin undergoes a second distillation with botanicals, which imparts its unique flavor. The core spirit often originates from a grain mash. Vodka is distilled multiple times and filtered, usually through charcoal, to remove impurities and to create a clean and pure spirit.
Flavor Profiles Gin is known for its complex and diverse flavor profiles, influenced by the blend of botanicals used in production. It often has a piney flavor due to the juniper berries. Vodka is renowned for its neutral flavor, making it a versatile spirit that can be mixed with almost any flavor in cocktails.
Origins Gin was first made in Holland in 1689 and was initially used for medicinal purposes. Vodka has roots in Russia and Poland, and its name comes from the Slavic word for water, “voda.”
Usage in Cocktails About 70% of gin is used in cocktails. The classic gin and tonic cocktail was invented by British soldiers stationed in India. Vodka’s neutral flavor makes it a popular choice for countless cocktails, including the Moscow Mule and Bloody Mary.

Types of Gin

There are different types of gin to suit every taste and preference. From classic London Dry Gin to contemporary varieties, explore the world of gin and discover your favorite.

Read more..

London Dry Gin

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London Dry Gin is one of the most popular types of gin available today. It is known for its distinct flavor and versatility in cocktails. Made using a traditional distillation process, London Dry Gin gets its name from the fact that it can be made anywhere in the world as long as it follows certain production standards.

The key ingredients used in London Dry Gin include juniper berries, coriander, angelica root, and citrus peels. These botanicals are carefully selected and infused into a base spirit made from fermented cereal grains such as corn, rye, barley, or wheat.

The resulting mash is then distilled to create a pure and flavorful alcoholic beverage.

What sets London Dry Gin apart from other types of gin is its emphasis on juniper-forward flavor profiles. This means that juniper berries are the dominant botanical used, giving London Dry Gin its distinctive piney and herbal taste.

Additionally, no artificial flavors or sweeteners are allowed to be added during the distillation process.

London Dry Gin has a rich history dating back to 1689 when it was first produced in Holland by Dutch alchemists.

It quickly gained popularity throughout Europe and eventually made its way to England where it became an integral part of British culture.

Today, London Dry Gin continues to be enjoyed worldwide for its refreshing taste and contribution to classic cocktails like the iconic gin and tonic.

Plymouth Gin

Plymouth Gin is a type of gin that has its origins in the coastal city of Plymouth, England. It is known for its smooth and slightly sweeter flavor compared to other gins. This gin has a rich history dating back to the 18th century when it was first produced by the Black Friars Distillery.

Made with a unique blend of seven botanicals, including juniper berries, coriander, and orange peel, Plymouth Gin offers a distinctive taste that appeals to gin enthusiasts worldwide.

Its subtle yet complex flavors make it perfect for savoring on its own or mixed into classic cocktails like the Martini or Negroni.

So next time you’re looking to elevate your drinking experience, give Plymouth Gin a try and indulge in the heritage and craftsmanship behind this exceptional spirit.

Old Tom Gin

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Old Tom Gin is a traditional style of gin that originated in England. It gets its name from the wooden “Old Tom” plaques that used to hang outside pubs, indicating they served this particular type of gin.

Old Tom Gin has a slightly sweeter flavor profile compared to London Dry Gin and is often described as a bridge between the classic Dutch genever and modern gins. It was popular in the 18th century and experienced a resurgence in recent years due to the revival of craft cocktails.

Made with juniper berries, botanicals like licorice root and angelica, and sometimes sweetened with sugar or other ingredients, Old Tom Gin offers a more complex taste experience for those seeking something different from their usual gin choices.

Navy Strength Gin

Navy Strength Gin is a type of gin that packs quite a punch. It gets its name from the historical connection with the British Royal Navy, who used to test alcoholic beverages by dousing gunpowder in them and then igniting it.

If the gunpowder burned steadily, it was proof that the alcohol content was strong enough for naval use. Today, Navy Strength Gin refers to gin that has an alcohol content of at least 57% ABV (alcohol by volume).

This higher proof gives it a more intense flavor profile and allows it to stand up well in cocktails. So if you’re looking for a gin with some serious firepower, Navy Strength Gin might just be your new favorite spirit!

Contemporary Gin

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Contemporary gin is a modern variation of this classic spirit. Unlike traditional gins, contemporary gins often feature unique flavor profiles and botanical combinations that push the boundaries of what gin can be.

These gins are known for their creative use of ingredients like cucumber, lavender, or even chili peppers, resulting in a more complex and flavorful experience.

Contemporary gins have become popular among cocktail enthusiasts who are looking to experiment with new flavors and add an exciting twist to their favorite drinks.

With so many innovative options available, it’s no wonder that contemporary gin is capturing the attention of alcohol connoisseurs around the world.

How Gin is Made

Gin is made through a step-by-step process of distillation, using different methods like steeping, vapor infusion, and vacuum distillation. Curious to know more about the fascinating production process?

Keep reading!

Step-by-step process of gin production

Gin production involves a precise and meticulous process to create the flavorful and aromatic spirit cherished by many.

Here’s a breakdown of the step-by-step process:

  1. Selecting the Base: Gin is made from fermented cereal grains such as corn, rye, barley, or wheat. The choice of base depends on the distillery’s preference.
  2. Mashing: The selected cereal grains are ground into fine flour called malt or grain mash. This mash is then combined with hot water to convert the starches into fermentable sugars.
  3. Fermentation: The malt or grain mash is transferred to fermentation vessels where yeast is added. Yeast consumes the sugars in the mash and converts them into alcohol through fermentation.
  4. Distillation: Once fermentation is complete, the liquid, known as “wash,” goes through distillation in stills – copper pots or columns that extract impurities and purify the spirits. This process occurs in two stages: stripping and refining.
  5. Stripping: In this initial distillation stage, heat is applied to separate alcohol compounds from unwanted substances like congeners, which contribute to harsh flavors and aromas.
  6. Refining: The resulting liquid from stripping is redistilled, typically using a reflux still that ensures further purification by separating different fractions based on boiling points.
  7. Infusing Botanicals: After distillation, gin distinguishes itself through infusion with botanical ingredients like juniper berries (the key component), coriander seeds, angelica root, citrus peels, and various herbs and spices. These botanicals impart unique flavors and aromas to each gin variety.
  8. Final Distillation: After botanical infusion, the gin undergoes another round of distillation to harmonize its flavors while maintaining purity and consistency.
  9. Dilution and Bottling: Once distilled to perfection, water is added to adjust the strength of the gin before being bottled at desired alcohol levels.
  10. Maturation (Optional): Some gin varieties may undergo a short period of maturation in oak barrels, where they can acquire additional complexity and flavor nuances.
  11. Quality Control: Before leaving the distillery, the gin is rigorously tested to ensure it meets industry standards for taste, aroma, and alcohol content.

Different methods of gin distillation

Gin can be distilled using various methods, each contributing to its unique flavor profile.

One of these methods is steeping, where botanicals are left to soak in neutral spirits before being distilled.

This allows the flavors to infuse into the alcohol, resulting in a rich and aromatic gin.

Another method is vapor infusion, where the botanicals are placed in a basket or suspended above the boiling liquid.

As steam rises, it passes through the botanicals, extracting their flavors and aromas before condensing back into a liquid form.

Lastly, there’s vacuum distillation which involves placing the botanicals in a vacuum chamber while heating them under reduced pressure.

This process helps retain delicate flavors that might otherwise be lost during traditional distillation methods.

These different techniques give gin its distinct taste and make it an exciting spirit for cocktail enthusiasts to experiment with.


In conclusion, gin is a distinct and flavorful distilled alcoholic drink that is made from botanicals such as juniper berries and other ingredients.

Its unique taste and versatility make it a popular choice for cocktail enthusiasts worldwide.

Whether enjoyed in a classic gin and tonic or mixed into creative concoctions, gin continues to be a beloved spirit with a rich history and exciting future in the world of mixology.